The plate is positioned as proximal as possible to maximize the number of screws in the short proximal fragments.
Following contouring, the plate is applied to the lateral surface of the reconstructed bone.
The plate position and contouring to the bone is checked thoroughly, and adjusted if required.
The plate is fixed in a neutralization fashion. The first screw is inserted in the second or third plate hole engaging the femoral neck and head. The largest diameter screw that will fit the plate should be used for that purpose.
A second neutral screw is inserted on the distal part of the bone.
Additional lag screws may be inserted through the plate holes where needed. All remaining plate screws are inserted in a neutral mode.
Validation of fixation
Postoperative orthogonal radiographs are taken to assess fixation.
Fixation with a locking plate
If a locking plate is used, only 2-3 locking bicortical screws are needed per main fragment. One advantage of using a locking plate is that precise contouring to the surface of the bone is not necessary; however, contouring and perfect positioning is required to ensure that the screws adequately engage the femoral neck and head as the orientation of the screws is dictated by the plate and cannot be altered.
Note: If a combination of cortex and locking screws is used, the plate must be anatomically contoured at the sites of non-locking screw insertion. The cortex screws must be inserted and tightened before any locking screws are placed.
5. Case example A3
4-year-old Corgi with an A3 fracture from being hit by a car.
The fracture was repaired using a 9 hole 2.7mm LCP with locking screws.
Postoperative radiographs at 4 months.
Postoperative radiographs at 6 months.
Postoperative radiographs at 9 months.
Activity restriction is indicated until evidence of bone union is detected on radiographic examinations.
Implants may cause discomfort of the adjacent soft tissue. If this occurs, implants are removed after radiographic evidence of bone healing is complete. In case of infection, implants must be removed after complete bone healing.
Phase 1: 1-3 day after surgery
Aim is to reduce the edema, inflammation, and pain.
Integrative medical therapies, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications.
Phase 2: 4-10 days after surgery
Aim is to resolve the hematoma, edema and control pain, and prevent muscle contracture.
Anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications may still be needed. Rehabilitation and integrative medical therapies can be used.
Special attention should be given to patients less than 1 year of age with a femoral fracture. Rehabilitation is strongly recommended to help prevent quadriceps muscle contracture.
If the dog is not starting to use the limb within a few days after surgery, a careful evaluation is recommended.
10-14 days after surgery the sutures are removed.
Radiographic assessment is performed every 4-8 weeks until complete bone healing is confirmed.
If there is no implant failure or infection, there is no need for implant removal.