Authors of section


Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash

Executive Editors

Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley

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2nd-5th row, proximal phalanx, excessively displaced

Mechanism of the injury

These fractures usually result from a low impact injury (stubbing the toe) or low impact crush.



Conventional radiographs of the forefoot/second toe. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.

Clinical signs

The clinical picture includes swelling, ecchymosis, and pain with deformity.

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