Authors of section

Authors

Anton Fürst, Christoph Lischer

Executive Editor

Jörg Auer

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Calcaneus: Proximal aspect fractures

Fracture characteristics

Fractures of the proximal aspect of the calcaneus frequently involve the calcaneal bursa. Most of these fractures are open and the result from a kick from another horse.

The prognosis for future soundness is usually poor in those cases.
Aggressive treatment should be implemented as soon as possible.

Fractures of the calcaneal shaft
definition

Fractures of the calcaneus

Calcaneal fractures are often open and can be complicated by osteomyelitis, septic calcaneal bursitis, sequestration and chronic drainage. The prominence of the calcaneus makes it susceptible to external impact by kicks or other trauma.

Clnical signs and imaging

Lameness is usually severe with calcaneal fractures.
In addition to standard projections, stressed radiographs can provide important additional information. Skyline views are useful for evaluating the calcaneus and sustentaculum tali.

Fractures of the calcaneus