Authors of section

Author

Anton Fürst

Executive Editor

Jörg Auer

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Coccygeal fractures

Fracture of the sacrococcygeal spine may involve the coccygeal vertebra.

A coccygeal luxation and avulsion fracture is shown.


definition

Etiology

  • Rearing and falling over backward
  • Collisions and kicks by other horses

definition

Clinical signs of coccygeal vertebral fractures

Clinical signs of coccygeal vertebral fractures depend on:

  • Degree of bony disruption
  • Instability at the fracture site

Clinical signs can be:

  • Pain and swelling over the tail, tail weakness or paralysis

Imaging

Radiographs:

  • Radiographs are a very useful tool to identify coccygeal fractures

Radiographic examination:

  • Lateral radiographs
  • Ventrodorsal radiographs are possible for the caudal tail

Computertomography:

  • Complete CT of the thoracolumbar/sacrococcygeal region is possible in foals, small horses, ponies and donkeys.

Myelography:

  • Possible in foals, small horses, ponies, and donkeys.

MRI:

  • A complete examination is possible in foals, small horse, ponies, and donkeys