Fractures of C3-C7 can have many different configurations.
They can involve the lateral nonarticular process of the vertebra, without affecting the spinal canal.
Fractures involving the ventral half of the caudal end plate of the vertebral body are common.
In fractures of C3-C7 the ventral portion of the epiphysis often remains attached to the caudal vertebra.
Vertebral fractures may be present with or without neurologic signs. Symptoms and prognosis of vertebral fractures depend on their location, the portion of the vertebra that sustains the trauma and the degree of compression of the spinal cord. Foals are more susceptible to vertebral fractures than adults.
The cervical vertebrae are more likely to be affected. Vertebral fractures in the adult horse are rare; approximately 50% involve the cervical vertebrae.
Cervical stenotic myelopathy is a common cause in ataxia in young horses.
Rearing and falling over backward (falls over jumps and obstacles)
Collisions and kicks (head on collisions)
Clinical signs of cervical vertebral fractures
Clinical signs of cervical vertebral fractures depend on: