Authors of section


Alan Ruggles, Jeffrey Watkins

Executive Editor

Jörg Auer

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Diaphyseal fractures: Mid-diaphyseal transverse

Fracture characteristics

Mid-diaphyseal transverse fractures are most commonly encountered in foals who are kicked.

Radial fractures introduction

Clinical signs

The foal is presented with non-weight-bearing lameness and axial instability in the mid-antebrachial region. In most instances, foals with transverse fractures in the mid-diaphysis are believed to have received the kick to the cranial aspect of the antebrachial region.
There may be varying degrees of soft-tissue swelling and there may be a wound either associated with the kick on the cranial aspect of the leg or when a fragment has penetrated the skin on the medial side of the leg.

Radial fractures introduction


The diagnosis is verified through radiography. It is recommended to obtain a complete radiographic series to identify the full extent of the injury. It is advisable to leave the first aid fixation in place for the radiographs to minimize further damage to the overlying soft-tissue envelope.

Radial fractures introduction

Although most of these fractures are the result of being kicked, occasionally the injury is sustained when the mare inadvertently steps on the antebrachial region of a recumbent foal whose limb is concealed beneath the bedding material in the stall, as was the case in the1 week old foal shown here.

Radial fractures introduction