Longitudinal patellar fractures are rare and may not be debilitating if the quadriceps mechanism remains functional.
Longitudinal patellar fractures can result from strenuous exercise in athletic dogs or from direct impact to the patella.
Due to its proximity to the skin surface patellar fractures can be open and require immediate attention.
High quality craniocaudal and mediolateral radiographs of the stifle joint are needed.
Small fragments or comminution may be visible on a tangential ("skyline") view of the patella or a CT scan.