Authors of section


Alex Vaccaro, Frank Kandziora, Michael Fehlings, Rajasekaran Shanmughanathan

Executive Editor

Luiz Vialle

General Editor

German Ochoa (in memoriam)

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C Displacement or dislocation


Type C injuries are segmental injuries. They involve an interruption or separation of both the anterior and posterior components of the vertebral segments. The disruption of the anterior component may be through the disk or vertebral body. The disruption of the posterior elements may be through the spinous process, lamina, pars interarticularis or posterior ligamentous complex.

This injury may be associated with any A-type fracture (vertebral body).

Diagnosis Thoracic and Lumbar Fractures: C – displacement or dislocation

X-ray/ CT

CT/radiograph images are examined to determine the fracture type.

Diagnosis: X-ray/CT, C – displacement or dislocation
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