Authors of section


Alex Vaccaro, Frank Kandziora, Michael Fehlings, Rajasekaran Shanmughanathan

Executive Editor

Luiz Vialle

General Editor

German Ochoa (in memoriam)

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A4 Complete burst fractures


Type A4 burst injuries are fractures of both endplates.
A vertical fracture of the lamina, does not imply posterior tension band rupture.

It is a sign of compression forces.

Diagnosis Thoracic and Lumbar Fractures: A4 – Complete burst

X-ray/ CT

CT/radiograph images are examined to determine the fracture type.

Diagnosis: X-ray/CT, A4 – Complete burst
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