Authors of section


Alex Vaccaro, Frank Kandziora, Michael Fehlings, Rajasekaran Shanmughanathan

Executive Editor

Luiz Vialle

General Editor

German Ochoa (in memoriam)

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A3 Incomplete burst fractures


Type A3 burst injuries are fractures of a single endplate. There may be a vertical fracture of the lamina. The posterior tension band is maintained.

Thoracic and Lumbar Fractures: Rationale for fracture classification

X-ray/ CT

CT/radiograph images are examined to determine the fracture type. 

Diagnosis: X-ray/ CT, A3 – Incomplete burst
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