The first edition was created by Massimo Balsano (Italy), Roger Härtl (USA), and Ibrahim Hussain (USA), with Luiz Vialle (Brazil) as editor.
The Degenerative lumbar spine module includes a detailed description of the following conditions and their management.
Disc herniation – Central and posterolateral:
Disc herniation – Foraminal and extraforaminal:
Lumbar spinal stenosis: