Release notes of Degenerative cervical spine

First edition

Publication of first edition (May 2023)

The first edition was created by Massimo Balsano (Italy), Roger Härtl (USA), and Ibrahim Hussain (USA), with Luiz Vialle (Brazil) as editor.

Table of contents

The Degenerative cervical spine module includes a detailed description of the following condition and its management.

Disc herniation:

  • Posterior microscopic tubular cervical foraminotomy (PMTCF)
  • Posterior endoscopic cervical foraminotomy (PECF)

Additional material

Patient preparation:

  • Prone position for approaches to C0–C7

Further reading:

  • Patient evaluation
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