Authors of section

Authors

Arnold Besselaar, Daniel Green, Andrew Howard

Executive Editor

James Hunter

General Editor

Fergal Monsell

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32-D/5.1 Complete oblique or spiral, simple

Definition

Simple oblique (>30°) or spiral fractures of the femoral shaft are classified 32-D/5.1. They may occur in the proximal, middle, or distal third of the femoral shaft.

These fractures are often a result of trauma with a rotational force.

They are axially unstable.

Simple, complete oblique and spiral femoral shaft fracture

X-ray

Oblique middle-third fracture

X-ray of an oblique middle-third femoral shaft fracture

Long oblique proximal-third fracture

X-ray of a long oblique proximal-third femoral shaft fracture