Daniel Green, Philip Henman, Mamoun Kremli
A longitudinal lateral incision is the standard approach to the distal fibula.
The lateral incision is typically placed at the posterior border of the fibula so that a plate does not lie directly beneath the incision.
The incision should be centered at the fracture site and extended proximally and distally as needed.
The plane of dissection is between the peroneus tertius anteriorly and the peroneus longus and brevis posteriorly.
Protection of the soft tissues from further injury is of fundamental importance.
Identify and protect the superficial peroneal nerve, especially in the proximal part of an anterior incision.
When dissecting posteriorly, take care not to damage the short saphenous vein and the sural nerve.
Periosteal stripping reduces the blood supply of the bone and should be limited to exposing the fracture site.
After careful hemostasis, close the subcutaneous tissue and skin separately. Subcuticular, absorbable skin sutures may be used if the condition of the soft tissues permit it.