Authors of section

Authors

Andrew Howard, Theddy Slongo

Executive Editor

Fergal Monsell

General Editor

Chris Colton

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13-E/2.1 - Simple epiphysiolysis with metaphyseal wedge, Salter-Harris II

The pattern of this fracture is characterized by an epiphyseal separation with a medial or lateral metaphyseal wedge (Salter-Harris II). As the metaphyseal wedge can be very small, this fracture type is often mistakenly classified as 13-E/1.1.

This fracture occurs more often in infants and very young children in whom the capitellum is not yet ossified. Diagnosis can therefore be very difficult.

Note: Be aware of the possibility of nonaccidental injuries in younger children.

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Radiologically this fracture is very difficult to diagnose and to distinguish from lateral condylar separations (13-E/4.1).

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Ultrasonography is helpful in reaching a correct diagnosis.

Arthrography can also be helpful.

MRI under sedation is sometimes indicated in very young children.

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