Arnold Besselaar, Daniel Green, Andrew Howard
A standard arthroscopic approach with anteromedial and anterolateral portals allows visualization and manipulation of an epiphyseal fracture.
The arthroscopic approach is only recommended in minimally or nondisplaced fractures, and experience in arthroscopic surgery is essential.
Identify the lateral soft spot adjacent to the patellar tendon.
Make a 5 mm stab incision and insert the trocar and sleeve carefully, avoiding damage to the articular cartilage.
Remove the trocar and insert the arthroscope.
Irrigate the knee joint cavity until clear visibility is achieved.
Continuous positive pressure pump irrigation is useful.
Thoroughly examine the knee joint to identify associated meniscal tears, ligament injuries, and osteochondral fractures.
Identify the medial soft spot adjacent to the patellar tendon and palpate under arthroscopic control.
Make a 5 mm stab incision and insert an arthroscopic hook.
After careful hemostasis, close the skin and subcutaneous tissues in a routine manner.