Supine patient positioning is used for hemi and total hip arthroplasty. The use of a radiolucent table allows for intraoperative assessment of acetabular cup position and the length of the prosthesis.
Operating room personnel (ORP) need to know and confirm:
Routine perioperative care includes:
For more details, see the additional material on perioperative care for elderly hip fracture patients.
This procedure is performed with the patient under general or regional anesthesia.
Place the patient supine and as close as possible to the edge of the table.
Position the C-arm perpendicular to the table. AP views can be obtained easily.
During the operation, some centers provide VTE prophylaxis with sequential mechanical compression on the contralateral leg.
Disinfect the exposed area from above the iliac crest to the mid-tibia with the appropriate antiseptic solution.
Free drape the affected limb(s) with a single-use U-drape. A stockinette covers the lower leg and is fixed with tape. The leg is draped to be freely moved.
Drape the image intensifier.
The surgeon, assistant, and ORP stand on the side of the injury.
Place the image intensifier on the opposite side of the injury or surgeon.
Place the image intensifier display screen in full view of the surgical team and the radiographer.