Baumgaertner MR, Curtin SL, Lindskog DM, et al. The value of the tip-apex distance in predicting failure of fixation of peritrochanteric fractures of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Jul;77(7):1058–1064.
Carr JB. The Anterior and medial reduction of Iintertrochanteric fractures: a simple method to obtain a stable reduction. Orthop Trauma. 2007 Aug;21(7):485–489.
Lindequist S, Törnkvist H. Quality of reduction and cortical screw support in femoral neck fractures. An analysis of 72 fractures with a new computerized measuring method. J Orthop Trauma. 1995 Jun;9(3):215–221.
Palm H, Jacobsen S, Sonne-Holm S, et al. Integrity of the lateral femoral wall in intertrochanteric hip fractures: an important predictor of a reoperation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Mar;89(3):470–475.
Florschutz AV, Langford JR, Haidukewych GJ, et al. Femoral neck fractures: current management. J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Mar;29(3):121–129.
Haidukewych GJ. Intertrochanteric fractures: ten tips to improve results. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Mar;91(3):712–719.
Barenius B, Inngul C, Alagic Z, et al. A randomized controlled trial of cemented versus cementless arthroplasty in patients with a displaced femoral neck fracture: a four-year follow-up. Bone Joint J. 2018 Aug;100-B(8):1087–1093.
Bovbjerg P, Froberg L, Schmal H. Short versus long intramedullary nails for treatment of intertrochanteric femur fractures (AO 31-A1 and AO 31-A2): a systematic review. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2019 Dec;29(8):1823–1831.
Cho JW, Kent WT, Yoon YC, et al. Fracture morphology of AO/OTA 31-A trochanteric fractures: A 3D CT study with an emphasis on coronal fragments. Injury. 2017 Feb;48(2):277–284.
Davidson A, Silver N, Cohen D, et al. Justifying CT prior to MRI in cases of suspected occult hip fracture. A proposed diagnostic protocol. Injury. 2020 Sep 30;S0020-1383(20)30798-1.
Dolatowski FC, Frihagen F, Bartels S, et al. Screw fixation versus hemiarthroplasty for nondisplaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019 Jan 16;101(2):136–144.
Ekhtiari S, Gormley J, Axelrod DE, et al. Total Hip Arthroplasty Versus Hemiarthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fracture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 Sep 16;102(18):1638–1645.
Haubro M, Stougaard C, Torfing T, et al. Sensitivity and specificity of CT- and MRI-scanning in evaluation of occult fracture of the proximal femur. Injury. 2015 Aug;46(8):1557–1561.
Hsu C-E, Shih C-M, Wang C-C, et al. Lateral femoral wall thickness. A reliable predictor of post-operative lateral wall fracture in intertrochanteric fractures. Bone Joint J. 2013 Aug;95-B(8):1134–1138.
Kammerlander C, Pfeufer D, Lisitano LA, et al. Inability of Older Adult Patients with Hip Fracture to Maintain Postoperative Weight-Bearing Restrictions. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Jun 6;100(11):936–941.
Kim Y, Dheep K, Lee J, et al. Hook leverage technique for reduction of intertrochanteric fracture. Injury. 2014 Jun;45(6):1006–1010.
Kumar P, Rajnish RK, Sharma S, et al. Proximal femoral nailing is superior to hemiarthroplasty in AO/OTA A2 and A3 intertrochanteric femur fractures in the elderly: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Int Orthop. 2020 Apr;44(4):623–633.
Lim EJ, Kim JW, Vemulapalli KC, et al. Surgical outcomes of minimally invasive cerclage clamping technique using a pointed reduction clamp for reduction of nonisthmal femoral shaft fractures. Injury. 2021 Jul;52(7):1897–1902.
Massè A, Aprato A, Alluto C, et al. Surgical hip dislocation is a reliable approach for treatment of femoral head fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Dec;473(12):3744–3751.
Overmann AL, Richards JT, O’Hara NN, et al. Outcomes of elderly patients with nondisplaced or minimally displaced femoral neck fractures treated with internal fixation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury. 2019 Dec;50(12):2158–2166.
Park J, Yang KH. Correction of malalignment in proximal femoral nailing--Reduction technique of displaced proximal fragment. Injury. 2010 Jun;41:634–638.
Pfeufer D, Zeller A, Mehaffey S, et al. Weight-bearing restrictions reduce postoperative mobility in elderly hip fracture patients. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2019 Sep;139(9):1253–1259.
Richards JT, Overmann AL, OʼHara NN, et al. Internal fixation versus arthroplasty for the treatment of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Orthop Trauma. 2020 Jan;34(1):42–48.
Rikli D, Goldhahn S, Blauth M, et al. Optimizing intraoperative imaging during proximal femoral fracture fixation - a performance improvement program for surgeons. Injury. 2018 Feb;49(2):339–344.
Tang X, Wang D, Liu Y, et al. The comparison between total hip arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty in patients with femoral neck fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis based on 25 randomized controlled trials. J Orthop Surg Res. 2020 Dec 10;15(1):596.
Tanzer M, Graves SE, Peng A, et al. Is Cemented or Cementless Femoral Stem Fixation More Durable in Patients Older Than 75 Years of Age? A Comparison of the Best-performing Stems. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2018 Jul;476(7):1428–1437. Erratum in: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2020 May;478(5):1131.
Veldman HD, Heyligers IC, Grimm B, et al. Cemented versus cementless hemiarthroplasty for a displaced fracture of the femoral neck: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current generation hip stems. Bone Joint J. 2017 Apr;99-B(4):421–431.
Wirtz C, Abbassi F, Evangelopoulos DS, et al. High failure rate of trochanteric fracture osteosynthesis with proximal femoral locking compression plate. Injury. 2013 Jun;44(6):751–756.