Khairul Faizi Mohammad, Brad Yoo
Markku T Nousiainen, Richard Buckley
Crush injuries of the forefoot are classified 89C fractures.
The following clinical presentation is typical:
Conventional radiographs of the foot. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.
CT scans are invaluable for clarification of the fracture pattern as well as assessment of additional fractures of the midfoot.
High impact injury with axial load or direct crush injury to the forefoot.
Compartment syndrome, forefoot, midfoot or hindfoot fractures and instabilities.