Peter V Giannoudis, Hans Christoph Pape, Michael Schütz
Chris Colton, Rick Buckley
Intact segmental fractures of the proximal diaphyeal-meatphyseal femoral shaft are classified as 32C2(i) fractures.
Multifragmentary segmental fractures result from severe injury to the femur. These fractures normally result from high energy motor vehicle trauma and four-point bending.