Peter V Giannoudis, Hans Christoph Pape, Michael Schütz
Chris Colton, Rick Buckley
Intact segmental fractures of the pure diaphyseal femoral shaft are classified as 32C2(j) fractures.
Multifragmentary segmental fractures result from severe injury to the femur. These fractures normally result from high energy motor vehicle trauma and four-point bending.