Peter V Giannoudis, Hans Christoph Pape, Michael Schütz
Chris Colton, Rick Buckley
Multifragmentary segmental fractures of the proximal diaphyseal-metaphyseal femoral shaft are classified as 32C3(i) fractures.
Fragmentary segmental fractures result from very severe injury to the femur. These fractures normally result from high energy motor vehicle trauma and are often open fractures.