Authors of section


Renato Fricker, Jesse Jupiter, Matej Kastelec

Executive Editors

Steve Krikler, Chris Colton

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Complete simple articular, simple metaphyseal radial fracture

These complete articular fractures usually comprise a single fracture line into the joint.

These are classified by AO/OTA as 2R3C1.

This fragment forms the dorsal part of both the lunate fossa and the sigmoid notch. Reduction of this fragment by closed methods is very difficult, because of the transverse orientation of the extrinsic dorsal radiocarpal ligaments.


Depending on the orientation of the articular fracture, these are classified by AO/OTA as:

  • 2R3C1.1 if a large dorsomedial fragment is present
  • 2R3C1.2 with a sagittal split
  • 2R3C1.3 with a coronal split
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