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  3. Diagnosis
  4. Indications
  5. Treatment

Authors of section


S Fusetti, B Hammer, R Kellman, C Matula, EB Strong, A Di Ieva

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

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1. Observation

General close observation of the patient is indicated to ensure that there are no late sequela such as:

  • Delayed CSF leak
  • Neurological symptoms (infection)

Monitoring of the patient must include:

  • Close clinical observation with regular neuro checks
  • Re-scan

2. Aftercare for observation

Observation implies close follow-up. For aftercare and rehabilitation following observation, please refer to your local protocol.