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  3. Diagnosis
  4. Indications
  5. Treatment

Authors of section


S Fusetti, B Hammer, R Kellman, C Matula, EB Strong, A Di Ieva

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

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1. Observation

Frontal sinus fractures with minimal displacement have little risk of long-term complications (esthetic or functional). Observation is a viable treatment option. However, patients must be educated regarding the signs and symptoms of frontal sinusitis and mucocele formation. These include:

  • Frontal pain/swelling/tenderness
  • Erythema
  • Mucopurulent nasal drainage
  • Orbital pain, swelling, erythema
  • Headache
  • Fever

2. Aftercare for observation

Observation implies close follow-up. For aftercare and rehabilitation following observation, please refer to your local protocol.