Authors of section

Authors

Ricardo Cienfuegos, Carl-Peter Cornelius, Edward Ellis III, George Kushner

Executive Editors

Marcelo Figari, Gregorio Sánchez Aniceto

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

Open all credits

Symphysis and parasymphysis, simple

Routine diagnosis of mandibular fractures should include radiographs taken in two planes at 90° to each other. The minimum requirement is a PA view and a panoramic view.
CT or digital volume tomography (DVT) imaging may be used as an alternative.

Simple fracture of the symphysis and parasymphysis

PA view of the same patient.

Simple fracture of the symphysis and parasymphysis

Axial CT scan and occlusal view allow for proper assessment of the vestibular and lingual cortices.

Simple fracture of the symphysis and parasymphysis