Authors of section


Nicolas Homsi, Paulo Rodrigues, Gregorio Sánchez Aniceto, Beat Hammer, Scott Bartlett

Executive Editors

Edward Ellis III, Eduardo Rodriguez

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

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Sinus outflow disease

Inadequate frontal sinus drainage is a source of early or late complications after frontal sinus fractures.

Close clinical and radiological follow up after frontal sinus trauma is essential for early recognition of frontal sinus pathology.


When pathology is defined, the following can be expected:

  1. Sinusitis
  2. Mucous retention
  3. Mucocele
  4. Mucopyocele