Authors of section


Nicolas Homsi, Paulo Rodrigues, Gregorio Sánchez Aniceto, Beat Hammer, Scott Bartlett

Executive Editors

Edward Ellis III, Eduardo Rodriguez

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

Open all credits

Alveolar defects

Palato alveolar deformities are usually the result of avulsive complex maxillary fractures.

Even a properly reduced maxillary fracture may leave a defect when combined with bone loss.

The result may be an oroantral, an oronasal fistula, an alveolar defect or a combination of the above.

This illustration shows an alveolar defect.