Authors of section


Scott Bartlett, Michael Ehrenfeld, Gerson Mast, Adrian Sugar

Executive Editor

Edward Ellis III

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

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Bilateral coronal synostosis (Brachycephaly)

Premature closure of both coronal sutures leads to brachycephaly which has the following characteristics:

  • Shortening of the head in the anterior-posterior dimension.
  • Transverse widening of the head
  • Vertical elongation of the head
  • Shortening of the anterior cranial base
  • Retrusive orbital rims
  • Protuberance of the superior frontal and squamous temporal bones
  • Occiput usually flattened