Authors of section

Authors

Ronald Lehman, Daniel Riew, Klaus Schnake

General Editor

Luiz Vialle

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Effendi Type III

Displacement of the anterior fragment with the body of the axis in the flexed position; but in addition, the facet joints at C2-C3 are dislocated and locked. A type III lesion must be suspected when the body of the axis is in a position of extension or of forward listhesis.

definition