Authors of section


Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash

Executive Editors

Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley

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Recommended reading

1. Classic references

Den Hartog BD. Fracture of the proximal fifth metatarsal. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2009 Jul;17(7):458–464.

2. Review references

Rosenbaum A, DiPreta J, Tartaglione J, et al. Acute fractures of the tarsal navicular: a critical analysis review. J Bone Joint Surg Rev. 2015;3(3):e5.

Arastu MH, Buckley RE. Tarsometatarsal joint complex and midtarsal injuries. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 2012;79:21–30.

Benirschke SK, Meinberg EG, Anderson SA, et al. Fractures and dislocations of the midfoot: Lisfranc and Chopart injuries. Instr Course Lect. 2013;62:79 –91.

Welck M, Zinchenko R, Rudge B. Lisfranc injuries. Injury. 2015 Apr;46(4):536–541.

Rammelt S, Heineck J, Zwipp H. Metatarsal fractures. Injury. 2004 Sep;35 Suppl 2:SB77–86.

3. Further references

Zwipp H, Baumgart F, Cronier P, et al. Integral classification of injuries (ICI) to the bones, joints, and ligaments—application to injuries of the foot. Injury. 2004;35( Suppl 2):3–9.

Rosenbaum AJ, Uhl RL, DiPreta JA. Acute fractures of the tarsal navicular. Orthopedics. 2014;37(8):541–546.

van Raaij TM, Duffy PJ, Buckley RE. Displaced isolated cuboid fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2010 Mar;31(3):242–246.

Richter M, Wipperman B, Krettek C, et al. Fractures and fracture dislocations of the midfoot: occurrence, causes and long-term results. Foot Ankle Int. 2001 May;22(5):392–398.

Arastu MH, Buckley RE. Tarsometatarsal joint complex and midtarsal injuries. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 2012;79:21 –30.

Sharma S, Dhillon MS, Sharma G, et al. Nutcracker cuboid fractures are never isolated injuries. J Foot Ankle Surg (Asia-Pacific). 2014;1(1):9–11.

van Dorp KB, de Vries MR, van der Elst M, et al. Chopart joint injury: a study of outcome and morbidity. J Foot Ankle Surg . 2010 Nov-Dec;49(6):541–545.

Richter M, Thermann H, Huefner T, et al. Chopart joint fracture-dislocation: initial open reduction provides better outcome than closed reduction . Foot Ankle Int. 2004 May;25(5):340–348.

Kuo RS, Tejwani NC, DiGiovanni CW, et al. Outcome after open reduction and internal fixation of Lisfranc joint injuries. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Nov;82- A( 11):1609–1618.

Mulier T, Reynders P, Dereymaekar G, et al. Severe Lisfranc injuries: primary arthrodesis or ORIF? Foot Ankle Int. 2002 Oct;23(10):902–905.

Thevendran G, Deol RS, Calder JD. Fifth metatarsal fractures in the athlete: evidence for management. Foot Ankle Clin. 2013 Jun;18(2):237–254.

Chandran P, Puttaswamaiah R, Dhillon MS, et al. Management of complex open fracture injuries of the midfoot with external fixation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006 Sep-Oct;45(5):308–315.

Kinner B, Tietz S, Müller F, et al. Outcome after complex trauma of the foot. J Trauma. 2011 Jan;70(1):159–168.

Ellington JK, Bosse MJ, Castillo RC, et al. The mangled foot and ankle: results from a 2-year prospective study. J Orthop Trauma. 2013 Jan;27(1):43–48.

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