Authors of section


Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash

Executive Editors

Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley

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Hallux, proximal phalanx, head, intraarticular

Mechanism of the injury

These fractures usually result from a low impact injury, such as stubbing the toe.

Hallux - Head intraarticular


Conventional radiographs of the great toe. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.


This image shows an intraarticular proximal phalanx fracture involving the IP joint.


Clinical signs

The clinical picture includes swelling, ecchymosis, and pain with range of motion. In some fractures, a deformity may be present.

Pearl: These injuries are commonly associated with a painful subungual hematoma. Painful collections may be decompressed with an 18-gauge needle through the nail. Non-painful collections do not require evacuations. If decompression is needed, it is advisable to perform the procedure within 24 hours of the injury.

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