Authors of section


Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash

Executive Editors

Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley

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Hallux, proximal phalanx, base, intraarticular, T-type

Mechanism of the injury

These injuries are usually caused by stubbing the toe against an object or crush injury (from falling objects or another foot).



Conventional radiographs of the great toe. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.

Clinical signs

The clinical picture includes swelling, ecchymosis, and pain with range of motion. In some fractures, a deformity may be present.

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