Authors of section

Authors

Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash

Executive Editors

Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley

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2nd-5th row, proximal phalanx, head, intraarticular

Mechanism of the injury

These fractures usually result from a low impact (stubbing the toe) or crush injury (dropped object).

definition

Imaging

Conventional radiographs of the forefoot/lesser toe. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.

Clinical signs

The clinical picture includes swelling, ecchymosis, and pain with range of motion of the PIP joint. In some fractures, a deformity may be present.