Richard Buckley, Andrew Sands, Michael Castro, Christina Kabbash
Joseph Schatzker, Richard Buckley
These fractures usually result from a low impact (stubbing the toe) or crush injury (dropped object).
Conventional radiographs of the forefoot/lesser toe. AP and lateral oblique views are sufficient for diagnosis and treatment.
The clinical picture includes swelling, ecchymosis, and pain with range of motion of the PIP joint. In some fractures, a deformity may be present.