Authors of section

Authors

Ricardo Cienfuegos, Carl-Peter Cornelius, Edward Ellis III, George Kushner

Executive Editors

Marcelo Figari, Gregorio Sánchez Aniceto

General Editor

Daniel Buchbinder

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Angle and ramus, simple

Imaging

Routine diagnosis of this type of fracture should include x-rays taken in two planes at 90° to each other. The minimum requirement is a PA view and a panoramic view.
CT or digital volume tomography (DVT) imaging may be used as an alternative.

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

PA view of the same case.

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

OPG shows a left angular fracture reaching the third molar socket.

For further information regarding teeth in the line of fracture see the dedicated section under "Special considerations".

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

Bilateral angle fracture

PA view of a bilateral angle fracture.

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

OPG of the same case.

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

Ramus fracture

CT scans of a ramus fracture.

This type of high ramus fracture is usually treated the same way as the low condylar injuries.

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus
Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus